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Sources & Links



Apple, R. A., and W. K. Kikuchi (1975) Ancient Hawaii Shore Zone Fishponds: An Evaluation of Survivors for Historical Preservation. National Park Service, Honolulu.

Bremer, Leah L., Kim Falinski, Casey Ching, Christopher A. Wada, Kimberly M. Burnett, Kanekoa Kukea-Shultz, Nicholas Reppun , Gregory Chun, Kirsten L.L. Oleson and Tamara Ticktin  (2018) Biocultural Restoration of Traditional Agriculture: Cultural, Environmental, and Economic Outcomes of Lo‘i Kalo Restoration in He‘eia, O‘ahu. Sustainability 10(12), 4502;

Campbell, Holly V. and A.M. Campbell (2017) Community-Based Watershed Restoration in He‘eia (He‘eia ahupua‘a), O‘ahu, Hawaiian Islands. Case Studies in the Environment October 2017, DOI:

Camvel, Donna Ann Kameha‘iku (2012) Land and Genealogy of ‘Ioleka‘a: Mapping an Indigenous Identity. MA Thesis, University of Hawaii at Mānoa:

Henry, Lehman L. (1993) He‘eia Fishpond: Loko I‘a of He‘eia: an Interpretive Guide for the He‘eia State Park Visitor. He‘eia: Kealohi Press.

Jackson, George E. Gresley (1882) Koolau Bay and Anchorages Oahu. Hawaii Government Survey Map, 1:12,000.

James, Van (2010) Ancient sites of Oahu: a guide to Hawaiian archaeological places of interest. Revised edition. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Keala, Graydon “Buddy” with James R. Hollyer and Luisa Castro (2007) Loko I‘a: A Manual on Hawaiian Fishpond Restoration and Management.Honolulu: College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.

Kelly, Marion (1975) Lolo I‘a o He‘eia: Heeia Fishpond. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Kennedy, Joseph (1991) An Archaeological Reconnaissance at Heeia, Koolaupoko, Oahu, Hawaii. Honolulu: Archaeological Consultants of Hawaii.

Klieger, P. Christiaan with Philip Helfrich and Jo-Ann Leong (2007) Moku o Lo‘e : a history of Coconut Island. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 2007.

Klieger, Paul Christiaan, ed. (2005) Hū ka Ipu o O‘ahu—A history of Central Ko‘olau Poko, O‘ahu. Honolulu: Department of Anthropology, Bishop Museum.

MacCaughey, Vaughan (1917) A Footpath Journey: Being an informal narrative of a Pedestrian, journey to a little-known volcanic peninsula on Oahu, Hawaiian Islands; with descriptions of natural history features. Mid-Pacific Magazine, Vol. 14: 181-196.

Marine Corps Base Hawai‘i (2014) Mōkapu: A Paradise on the Peninsula. Stories From Not So Long Ago

Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth & Jose-Miguel Ramirez (2010) “Human Skeletal Evidence of Polynesian Presence in South America? Metric Analyses of Six Crania from Mocha Island, Chile Introduction.” Journal of Pacific Archaeology Vol. 1, No. 1: 76-88.

Project Kāhea Loko (2003) "The call of the pond": a teacher's guide to Hawaiian fishponds. The Pacific American Foundation ; in cooperation with Waikalua Loko Fishpond Preservation Society, Hawaiʻi Department of Education, and University of Hawaiʻi Sea Grant College Program. Honolulu: Pacific American Foundation.

Pukui, Mary Kawena (1983) ‘Ōlelo No‘eau: Hawaiian Proverbs and Poetical Sayings. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Sterling, Elspeth P. and Catherine C. Summers (1978) Sites of Oahu. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Summers, Catherine C. (1964) Hawaiian fishponds. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Williams, Scott S. and Richard Nees (2002) Mo‘olelo Ha‘kū: archaeological inventory survey, data recovery, and monitoring investigations for the Interstate Highway H-3 within Ha‘ikū Valley, He‘eia Ahupua‘a, Ko‘olau Poko District, island of O‘ahu. Honolulu: Ogden Environmental and Energy Services.


He‘eia Fishpond.  Kamehameha Schools

Gregory, Regina (2015) He‘eia Fishpond and Watershed. The EcoTipping Points Project

Ko‘olaupoko Hawaiian Civic Club (2019) Ha‘ikū Valley, In the Past....

Nā Kilo Honua o He‘eia: He‘eia Coastal Ocean Observing System

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