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Sources & Links



Descantes, Christophe (1998) "Integrating Archaeology and Ethnohistory: The Development of Exchange between Yap and Ulithi, Western Caroline Islands." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon.

Gladwin, Thomas (1970) East is a Big Bird: Navigation & Logic on Puluwat Atoll. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Hage, Per & Frank Harary (1991) Exchange in Oceania: A Graph Theoretical Analysis. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Labby, David (1976) The Demystification of Yap: Dialectics of Culture on a Micronesian Island. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lessa, William A. (1950) "The Place of Ulithi in the Yap Empire." Human Organization, Vol. 9, No. , Spring: 16-18.

Lessa, William A. (1979) More tales from Ulithi Atoll: A Content Analysis Folklore and Mythology Studies #32. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Different versions of the story of Yongl'aab, Liomarer, Filtey, and the gods of Yap and Ulithi are presented here.

Lewis, David (1994) We, The Navigators: The Ancient Art of Landfinding in the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, Second Edition.

Thomas, Stephen D. (1987) The Last Navigator. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Ushijima, Iwao (1987) "A Reinterpretation of the sawey Overseas Exchange System of the Caroline Islands." In Eikichi Ishikawa (ed), Cultural Adaptation to Atolls in Micronesia and West Polynesia. Tokyo: Committee for Micronesian Research, Tokyo Metropolitan University: 55-79.


Images are drawn from the above sources where noted.

Images from the Trust Territory of the Pacific Archives are available online from the University of Hawai‘i:

Color images of sailing canoes and of Satawal courtesy of Benigno Sablan, Tanapag Village, Saipan.

Aerial Photograph of Woleai Atoll from the Coral Reef Research Foundation:

Language map of Micronesia based on Ethnologue:

Except where stated otherwise, all photographs by RDK Herman, Pacific Worlds.


Yap Visitors Center homepage:

Ethnologue Report on Languages of Micronesia:

"Traditional Navigation in the Western Pacific" Website at the University of Pennsylvania:



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